To obtain the minor in minerals processing, you must take 16-19 credits from an approved list of courses. Of these credits, 10-13 credits may double count with your major requirements; six credits must not double count with your major or with any other minor (except as free elective). For the specific rules for this minor, see our minerals processing brochure.
To obtain the minor in polymer science and engineering, you must take 16-7 credits from an approved list of courses. Of these credits, 10-11 credits may double count with your major requirements; six credits must not double count with your major or with any other minor (except as free elective). For the specific rules for this minor, see our minor in polymer science and engineering brochure.
To obtain the interdisciplinary minor in bioprocess engineering, you must take 16 credits from an approved list of courses. Of these 16 credits, 10 credits may double count with your major requirements; six credits must not double count with your major or with any other minor (except as free elective). For the specific rules for this minor, see our bioprocess minor brochure.
Ph.D. study in chemical engineering is often paid for by research funds obtained by your grad-school faculty advisor, and thus it will not cost you anything if you are able to obtain such support. In addition to receiving a tuition award, you will typically receive an offer of financial support for your living expenses.
When you apply to graduate school, you will automatically be considered for support, either in the form of a research assistantship, a teaching assistantship, or a fellowship. These assistantships will usually include full tuition and fees. It’s a great deal for which good students will often qualify, and it is not usually based on need, rather is based on merit. There are also very prestigious graduate research fellowships offered by the National Science Foundation for the best students in the country. If you are able to obtain an NSF graduate research fellowship, you will be highly courted by all the top graduate schools. You must apply directly to NSF for these fellowships.
M.S. study in chemical engineering can be done either in coursework mode (never supported; you are charged tuition and fees) or in thesis mode (may be supported; may include a living stipend). The two-year coursework masters has the advantage of being straightforward to get: you apply, are admitted, take for the necessary courses, get your degree. There is no research project. The M.S. thesis path also starts with you applying and taking courses, but students are working from the beginning on a masters thesis that must be completed before the degree is awarded. There are funded research projects that lead to the M.S., and it is competitive to obtain this funding.
For more on graduate school, please visit the Department’s website on graduate studies.
There are many handouts that are helpful for planning your academic career in chemical engineering at Michigan Tech. Printouts are available at the Advising Center on the second floor of Chem Sci (across from the elevator). All handouts are also available on the web in PDF form on the Advising Handouts page.
Attend the seminar series in the Chemical Engineering Department. In all chemical engineering graduate programs, the weekly seminar series is an important element. Speakers visit the department from all over the country and the world and present their work. Graduate students are usually required to attend, since learning about the wide nature of chemical engineering research is one of the reasons for your studies. Seminar announcements are posted on the department’s web page and across from the main office in Chem Sci.
Students may hesitate to attend seminars that they fear they will not understand. Although the material may at times go over your head, will the situation be any different in a year or two when you start graduate school? You can learn from attending seminars, even if they go over your head. You can learn about effective presentation techniques (and ineffective techniques) and you can learn about research areas that you would never have had a chance to explore otherwise. And you can learn what you need to study in order to understand. If the visitor is a faculty member, he/she is probably interested in talking to juniors and seniors who are considering graduate school in the hopes that they can recruit you to their program. If you are particularly interested in a speaker’s talk, you can ask to meet with him/her later in the day.
Participate in undergraduate research. Click here for more on undergraduate research.
Improve your writing and presenting skills. Writing and presenting well are really reflections of how logically you think. If you can explain a topic well in writing or orally, you are displaying an important thinking skill you will need in graduate school.
Engineers sometimes distain writing as a soft skill that is less important than analytical skills. It is not. Writing well is an important skill that can make or break your graduate school experience. That last task of writing your thesis or dissertation and writing up the publications from your work is critical – you will not graduate without your final thesis/dissertation being written and approved, and usually these documents are held to a very high standard of organization and grammar. Do what you can now to improve your writing by taking writing-intensive courses, writing in your extracurricular activities, and availing yourself of the help provided by the Department of Humanities’ Writing Center. I also recommend reading as an activity that promotes writing. Read for pleasure – novels, literature, plays, quality magazines, and quality newspapers. Reading is an excellent way to improve your recognition of good writing and of good grammar.
Oral communication is equally important. Learn to make effective presentations and practice what you have learned. Attend seminars and note down techniques that you find effective at getting the point across to you and then use those techniques in your own presentations. Solicit feedback on your presentations so that you can improve. Also, take the time to learn to present yourself well in day-to-day situations. When you call someone on the phone, always identify yourself and find out right away if they have time for the discussion you would like to have with them. The same goes for when you come to someone’s office door – identify yourself and make sure that they have time to see you. In email, always start your messages with a greeting of some sort (Dear xxx or Good Morning or something equivalent) and state your point and sign off politely with your name and contact information. These little habits can also be important in your graduate studies (as well as in life) since you will need to interact with many people to complete your graduate research, and if you do not interact well, your road will be very rough.
Don’t sell back your books. You will be buying new books in graduate school, but you will often find that you need to refresh your memory of your undergraduate studies.
The first year of graduate school in chemical engineering typically involves taking advanced courses in transport, thermodynamics, kinetics, and mathematics (partial differential equations). It may also involve specialty courses specific to your area of chosen specialization. Anything that makes those required courses easier is a good idea. I feel that at Michigan Tech we do not go far enough in transport, so I recommend that you take the graduate transport class (CM5300 Advanced Transport Phenomena I, 3 credits, Spring, prereq=CM5100) or Polymer Rheology (CM4650, 3 credits), either of which will introduce you to the use of tensors in mathematical analysis. After that I recommend taking our graduate math class (CM5100 Applied Mathematics for Chemical Engineers I, 3 credits, Fall) or any advanced mathematics course that interests you (some examples might be MA
I can recommend two large programs that sponsor undergraduate research:
- Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) program, sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF), and
- Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) program, sponsored by the National Institutes of Science and Technology (NIST)
NSF through the REU program sponsors summer research programs at many universities. These are competitive programs and an excellent way to check out if you are interested in graduate school. You may obtain more information about the REU program from the NSF website. Undergraduate students sponsored with NSF funds must be a citizen or permanent resident of the United States or its possessions. NSF maintains a website that allows you to search by topic for REU programs throughout the country. A contact person and contact information is listed for each site.
NIST sponsors an undergraduate research program (SURF) that brings students to their Gaithersburg, MD location (near Washington D.C.) to do research with government scientists. This program requires that your university apply for you and cost-share your application. Thus if you are interested in the NIST program, you will have to interest a professor here at Tech to cosponsor your research. For more information see the NIST SURF website.
Undergraduate research is an excellent idea for all students, but it is an especially good idea for those who are interested in attending engineering graduate school after completing their B.S. degree in chemical engineering. Check out our short video on the subject.
There are three paths to undergraduate research experience at Michigan Tech (for information on off-campus possibilities, click on the tag below), and all three of them begin with speaking with a professor. You must go to individual professors, presumably those who do research in areas that you find interesting, and discuss with them what types of opportunities there are to do research in their laboratories.
There are three types of research arrangements possible:
- Research for credit;
- Research as a part-time job;
- Research as an unpaid intern.
The rules in the Department of Chemical Engineering for technical electives are posted on the web on the undergraduate advising page. The rules are updated from time to time and students are advised to choose the list that corresponds to their catalog year (usually the year they entered Michigan Tech).