Month: January 2000

MTU Physics Department History | Exhibits


Statements of Purpose

Curricula – Catalog Listings


Selected Brief Biographies

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The Michigan College of Science and Technology

From 1927 until 1964 the institution was known as the Michigan College of Mining and Technology (MCMT).

A new State of Michigan Constitution was adopted by the MI Constitutional Convention on August 1, 1962. The vote to ratify the new constitution was certified on June 20, 1963 (with 50.2% in favor, 49.8% against). That constitution refers to the Michigan College of Science and Technology in Article VIII, Sec 4, and was to take effect January 1, 1964. The Tech Board of Control had discussed the name change issue prior to this but deferred any action until after the vote on the new constitution.

On October 11, 1963, the Tech Board of Control was given two resolutions, one to change the name to Michigan College of Science and Technology (MCST) and one to change to Michigan Technological University (MTU). The resolution to change to MCST passed and the one for MTU was not acted upon. The resolution called for the name change to take effect “on January 1, 1964” and to remain “the official name until such time as the Board of Control may select and adopt another name.” However it is not clear that the Tech Board of Control had the authority to change the name of the institution.

There was no mention of the Board’s action in the newspapers for some time. The first seems to have been almost a month later in the Student Newspaper, The Lode. Following that, a large number of articles, editorials, and letters to the editor appeared pushing for the “University” designation.

On December 3rd, 1963, Senate Bill 1016 and House Bill 56 were introduced to the second extra session of the Michigan Legislature. These were identical bills which renamed MCMT to MCST and increased the size of the Board of Control. House Bill 56 was later amended in committee to change the name to MTU rather than to MCST. As originally introduced, these bills were to take effect “on January 1, 1964.”

Also early in December Senate Bill 1008 was introduced which, after amendment, renamed MCMT to MTU.

House Bill 56 (as amended) and Senate Bill 1008 passed and ended up as public acts 21 and 49. Senate Bill 1016 was never passed, presumably because the identical House Bill had already passed. Public act 21 also changes the names of Ferris Institute to Ferris State College, and Grand Valley College to Grand Valley State College.

The wording regarding the name change is similar in public acts 21 and 49. Quoting from public act 49:
“The institution established in the Upper Peninsula known as the Michigan college of mining and technology, referred to in the constitution of 1963 as the Michigan college of science and technology, is continued after January 1, 1964, under the name of Michigan technological university, …”

The phrase “after January 1, 1964” was explicitly added by amendment. Possibly this was to avoid a constitutional crisis since the constitution was to take effect “on January 1, 1964,” with the MCST name. However, the wording in the constitution also included the phrase “… by whatever names (MCST) may be hereafter known.” How long “after” the name changes were to take effect is not specified in the legislation.

The bills were signed into law by governor George Romney on December 27, 1963 and were to take effect immediately. A picture of the bill signing can be found in the 1948 Keweenawan (the MTU yearbook), page 48, as well as in the local newspaper.

At their February 14, 1964, meeting the Tech Board of Control passed a resolution “ratifying and confirming” the name Michigan Technological University and ordering “that the name Michigan Technological University be used hereafter as the legal and official name of the institution.” Again, it may be the Board of Control overstepped its authority. At the same meeting they considered some new designs for official seals and insignia but postponed action until later. The minutes of that meeting indicate that President Van Pelt thanked the Board of Control members for their support for the MTU name which they had communicated to the state legislature the previous December, though no mention of the subject could be found in the minutes of the Board of Control’s meeting from December. Presumably the support was given as a private communication and not through official action of the Board.

In none of these is there any mention of Tech having the MCST name for one hour, or for any length of time at all, as a matter of fact. On page 8 of the Daily Mining Gazetteof December 31, 1963, before any changes took effect, is a brief report about some students who had purchased rings and sweaters with the MCST name in anticipation of that new name which never happened, and how the students were pleased, rather than disappointed, to have a unique artifact of the process. It is clear that most, if not all, regarded the change in name as being directly from MCMT to MTU and that that was the intention behind the legislation.

Whether or not the Board of Control has any name changing authority is also somewhat vague in the legislation. Within public act 49 is a statement regarding the powers of the Board of Control. After a detailed list which makes no mention of authority regarding the institution’s name, is the statement “All powers customarily exercised by the governing board of a college or university are vested in the board. The enumeration of powers herein is not deemed to exclude any of such powers not expressly excluded by law.” Since many colleges and universities have changed their name due to action of their governing board — a recent local example being the change from Suomi College to Finlandia University — perhaps the board does have name changing power.

Hence, it would indeed seem possible that, by a quirk, “on January 1, 1964” our name was MCST (due to the Board action on October 11 and/or due to the new constitution) and then the MTU name took effect only “after January 1, 1964.”

(More will be added here if/when it is discovered. If you have an artifact from 1963 with the MCST name on it, the MTU Archives would like to hear from you.)

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MTU Physics Department History | 1981-present

Group Photo 1978

Try, Try again

During the late 1970’s the University was determined to developed research and PhD graduate programs in the Engineering and Science disciplines. In fact, the lack of a strong graduate program in Physics, especially condensed matter physics, had been recently cited as a reason for the failure of a major proposal to the National Science Foundation for a Materials Research Laboratory. In 1980 University of Illinois Professor A. Barry Kunz was brought in as a consultant to help build such a program in the Physics Department. His involvement continued over the next few years as a visiting professor, and then as an adjunct faculty member. Kunz had previously been a candidate for the headship. Around the same time, a “Physics of Solids” option to the existing Metallurgy PhD program was started to help boot-strap the graduate program in physics.

Kunz, based on his previous decade’s experience at the University of Illinois, came with a very strong research record and a vision of what a strong research department was about. He was to spark the development of research in the department, centered on condensed matter physics, and was instrumental in helping to rebuild the physics faculty. The Institute for Condensed Matter Physics was formed as a vehicle to bring prominent physicists to campus, principally for a summer workshop, and Kunz was appointed its director.

1981 Symposium photo

In 1984 Kunz resigned his appointment at the University of Illinois to accept the position of Professor of Physics at MTU. About the same time, a “retirement incentive program” was put in place at MTU and a number of the older physics faculty, including Keeling, took advantage of it.1 Prof. Truman Woodruff, from Michigan State University, was brought in to replace Keeling as department head. While Woodruff had a strong research record, it rapidly became clear that being department head at MTU was not going to work out. He left within his first year. Kunz was then appointed head of the department.

The initial faculty rebuilding effort had principally centered on faculty in theoretical and computational areas, thus avoiding the need to find extensive start-up funds for equipment. The exception was Sam Marshall, a senior condensed matter experimentalist at Argonne National Labs, who was able to bring much of his equipment with him. Shortly after Kunz became head an effort was made to add several condensed matter experimentalists (with limited start-up funds). Through the early 1990’s, with only a couple exceptions, the faculty hires were either for computational physics or condensed matter experiment.

Early on Kunz pushed to get a PhD in the Physics Department and to enhance the computational resources. One result was the formation of the Center for Experimental Computation (CEC) out of the existing facilities in Fisher Hall. For a PhD program, several possibilities were considered including a joint PhD with Math and Computer Science and a PhD in Computational Physics. Ultimately a PhD in Applied Physics was pursued and that program began in 1987. Shortly thereafter (1993/94) the word “Applied” was dropped from the name, ‘in recognition of existing facts.’

Group Photo 1987

During the 1989-90 academic year Kunz was named Dean of Engineering. His faculty status was also transferred to Electrical Engineering so that it would be within the Engineering College. Suits, who was relatively junior and had just received promotion to Associate Professor, took over as Head of Physics for the next five years. Also during 1989-90 Physics Professor Max Seel became Dean of Sciences and Arts. Kunz’s appointment as Dean for “the other College” was certainly controversial across campus, and Suits’ appointment as Head was controversial within the department.

Grad Enrollment GraphThe graduate and research programs had grown dramatically from the early 1980’s through the 1990’s relying largely on the computational and condensed matter/materials experimental emphasis. By 1995 annual research expenditures by the department were close to one-half million dollars, there were almost 2 publications per faculty member per year, and about 30 graduate students enrolled.

In 1995, after an exhaustive external search, J. Bruce Rafert was appointed Department Head. Rafert came from Florida Tech with an astronomy and remote sensing background. With the original need for a condensed matter focus now long forgotten, he helped the department see the advantages of broadening its research emphasis. This resulted in a re-introduction of astronomy and astrophysics into the curriculum, and several faculty hires in atmospheric physics and in astrophysics were made. Meanwhile, MTU had decided to change its academic year calendar from a quarter system to a semester system. Thus, the entire curriculum was carefully revisited and restructured. In addition, in response to student demand, the Physics department initiated an interdisciplinary PhD proposal for a degree in “Engineering Physics.” That program began in 2001.

Research Funding GraphRafert became Dean of the Graduate School in the Fall of 2001 and Prof. Ravi Pandey, who joined the department in Spring 1989, took over the job of department chair. In the Fall of 2004, Rafert left for a position at Clemson University.

Now the department continues its strong commitment to undergraduate education in basic physics for all MTU students, which goes back over 120 years, with strong Physics and Applied Physics majors added roughly 60 years ago, and a growing graduate and research program with firm roots just about 20 years ago. Through that time the people have changed several times over, the emphasis of the University has changed, and of course the Technology which we use and teach has grown tremendously. Those of us currently on the faculty are lucky to be able to build on what was developed in the past and, with luck, hope to provide a springboard for the success of the as yet unknown MTU Physics faculty of the future.

Department Group Photo 2004

1. Some referred to this incentive program as “out the door in ’84!”

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MTU Physics Department History | 1967-1980

Growing Pains

Van Pelt characterized the change in name, in particular the change from being a “College” to being a “University,” as a recognition of existing facts. Once the change was made, however, the message became ‘now that we are a university, we should look like one.’ Pressure increased for all faculty to have a PhD and for them to be actively engaged in research. One could no longer hire new tenure-track faculty who did not already have a PhD. Soon the University was divided into colleges and schools—Physics belonging to the College of Sciences and Arts.

By the late 1960’s Stebbins began a search for his replacement as Physics Department head and ultimately announced his decision to hire Charles Mandeville, then at Kansas State. Mandeville was hired because the combination of his very strong research background and his no-nonsense personality was expected to aid in a rapid transition of the department from a role of principally providing service teaching to a department with strong, externally funded research of its own. Since Mandeville’s research specialty was in nuclear physics, and there was very little nationally competitive research already in the department, the department research emphasis became nuclear physics. Several new hires were made in the late 1960’s, all in the area of nuclear physics, including two of his Kansas State collaborators, Drs. Potnis and Agin, as well as several new assistant professors.

There was a strong contingent of the faculty who thought the department’s role should not change and this friction caused problems. Mandeville has been variously described by faculty who were in the department at that time with adjectives such as “boisterous” and “abrasive.” There is general agreement that Mandeville set high standards and was quite critical of those that did not meet them. He had little trouble finding fault with all the administrators and with many of the physics faculty, describing their activities as “unprofessional,” and he freely shared those opinions. Many of the new hires were ultimately denied tenure. Mandeville was ultimately relieved of his duties as department head in 1975—the department continuing “headless” for the next several years.

Coan Book CoverMandeville had been writing, somewhat secretly, a fictional story during most of this time. His novel, “University,” was published at his own expense under the pen name Roger Coan in 1973. Were that it appeared earlier, the administrative friction might have been avoided. The novel is a story of unscrupulous and incompetent university administrators who use the system to get to the top. Had Stebbins been able to read the inside jacket cover, perhaps he would have made a different choice for department head. The description of the author reads:

Dr. Roger Coan holds B.A., M.A., and PhD. degrees and is a member of Phi Beta Kappa. He wears the gold key of that scholastic honorary society. During the past thirty years, he has made efforts to carry on teaching and/or research as a faculty member on six different campuses in various parts of the U.S. Having often experienced frustration of his efforts to achieve in constructive fashion, he has withdrawn to a secluded sanctuary to set down in a series of works the demoralizing story of bureaucracy, banditry, blundering, bickering, and backbiting in the great universities of the land.

While this description is about the fictional “Roger Coan,” it also appears to be an accurate description of Mandeville if one regards Houghton as the “secluded sanctuary.” A second book in the series never appeared. Some would say that Mandeville was hired to “shake up the department” and that job was certainly accomplished.

Keeling PhotoWith all the administrative troubles in the department, no new faculty hires were permitted throughout most of the 1970’s. The faculty leaving MTU, some retirements, and the movement of the geophysics program to geology resulted in a rapid decline in faculty numbers. The search for a successor to Mandeville involved noticeable infighting among the physics faculty. Roughly a dozen potential candidates were listed as having been interviewed, including several applicants from within the department. Ultimately an external candidate, Ian Shepard, was brought in to take the headship. Soon after his arrival, however, Shepard passed away due to illness. The department was then back looking for a new department head.

Throughout this time members of the department on several occasions had put forward Rolland Keeling as a possible choice. Keeling joined the faculty in 1960 as an associate professor and by 1963 was promoted to professor. He had a PhD, a decent but not overwhelming research record, was well-received by his students, and he tended to stay out of the department politics. However Keeling had not applied for the job. graph of faculty numbersWith the passing of Shepard, Keeling agreed to be “acting head” and after a time he was finally convinced to take the headship.

During the late 1960’s and through the 1970’s MTU’s president Ray Smith almost completely rebuilt the engineering buildings on campus. Hubbell hall was demolished in 1968, having been condemned and the State was not willing to come up with the funds to restore it. In its place rose the new MEEM building (now called the Raymond L. Smith Building). Around the same time several other new high-rises replaced the old. The bulk of college avenue, which ran between the Memorial Union and Hubbell Hall almost to the Sherman Gym,1 was removed in 1970 and the divided four-lane road was put in around the south side of the campus—at the expense of some private homes. Small sections of what used to be continuations of College Avenue and Hubbell Street remain just north of the new Administration building and just west of the Memorial Union Building respectively.2 Hence, while the Physics department was suffering from its growing pains, the rest of campus underwent a face lift.

lab carrel photoWith the large drop in Physics faculty numbers during the 1970’s, accompanied by a still-growing student population, meeting the teaching demands on the department became a top priority. Any research efforts in the department became low priority. During this time Dave Chimino developed his audio-visual tutorial introductory physics labs, allowing the labs to proceed with a significant reduction in the need for faculty to be in attendance. Chimino was later recognized by MTU as a “Presidential Professor” largely based on these efforts.

1. Sherman Gym was heavily remodeled in the early 1980’s and is now called Walker Arts Center.
2. At the time of this writing, there are still maps being produced, particularly web-based maps, which show both the old and new roads simultaneously.

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MTU Physics Department History | 1935-1966

Growing to become a University

During the 1950’s there was considerable growth on campus and an effort to formalize the graduate programs. Over a dozen new MS programs appeared across campus during this time including one in Engineering Physics and one in Physics. The latter was intended to rely heavily on a joint agreement with Argonne National Labs for research opportunities. The MS in Engineering Physics disappeared after 1960 and at the same time the Engineering Physics BS was renamed “Applied Physics.”1 A total of only about a half dozen students graduated with an Engineering Physics MS. The College’s graduate programs had been under a Director up until 1960 when the graduate school was formed and Physics Professor Don Yerg became the first Graduate School Dean.

At the Sault campus, Professor of Physics Harry Crawford was hired and named director in 1954. Shortly after that a number of the physics faculty from the Houghton campus moved to the Sault campus. Crawford was instrumental in building and developing the Sault campus until his retirement in 1965, preparing the Sault campus to formally break away to become Lake Superior State University.

A campus-wide rework of the entire curriculum is seen in the late 1950’s, just in time for the arrival of President Van Pelt. The old A, B, C course designations, with one to three digits, disappeared and were replaced with the two-letter, three-number scheme used until the change to semesters in 2000. The Physics course numbers began with “PH,” Math with “MA,” etc., the same as is done today. In the Physics curriculum, a number of “500-level” graduate courses were added in support of the new Master’s programs. The “C” Mechanics courses were given the “EM” designation and those courses were soon sent off to the newly created Engineering Mechanics department (later to be combined with Mechanical Engineering, ME, to form a combined ME-EM department).

During the 1950’s the instructional demands on the department grew steadily. The demands on the faculty’s time and the limited, aging space in Hubbell Hall left little room for any research activities. Despite the considerable growth in the number of faculty, the development of graduate degrees and talk of a more research active faculty, there was an average of under 1 scientific publication per year for the entire physics department. In fact, in 1959 the total externally funded research by the entire MCMT faculty was reported to be about $30,000.

Van Pelt PhotoTowards the end of the 1950’s it became clear that new space was necessary to handle the growth in the student population—all needing introductory physics and math courses. President Van Pelt made a new building to house Physics and Math, as well as a new library, a high priority. Due to tight state budgets, raising the funds was difficult but the new building for Physics and Math was finally started in 1962 and the new library in 1964, the last year of Van Pelt’s presidency. The library now bears his name. Both of the buildings would be on the South side of College avenue, along with the Memorial Union.

James Fisher still came into his office on a regular basis and was active in alumni affairs up until the summer of 1962, when he suffered a heart attack and passed away a few days later. This was during the final planning stages for the new building for Physics and Math. The ground breaking for the new building occurred in the Fall of 1962 and by December 1962 the MCMT Board of Control, based on recommendations from students and alumni, had decided that the new building should be named in Fisher’s honor. Fisher Hall was completed for the Fall of 1964 and the formal dedication on Oct 7, 1964, was quite a show. Photos, stories of the proceedings, and talk of the new modern building dominated the pages of the Daily Mining Gazette for several days.

Group photo from 1960

Fisher Hall Photo
Fisher Hall in 1981 (from the back)

During the late 50’s the interest in mining had been on the decline to the point that there was concern that even having the word “mining” in the College’s name could be a detriment. After considerable discussion, Van Pelt and the Board of Control settled on a new name: Michigan College of Science and Technology, MCST. Since the State constitution was being rewritten at the time, the new name was incorporated into it.2 Before the new laws took effect, the name was changed again to the current name: Michigan Technological University, MTU. An interesting bit of trivia is that for legal reasons3 the College is claimed to have had the name Michigan College of Science and Technology for the first hour of New Year’s Day, 1964, the effective date of the new constitution. The MTU name did not take effect until 1 am.

In 1964 the Physics department found itself in a new building at an institution with a new name, about to have a new President, Ray Smith, who had a new vision for the University. They also had a new department head, Dean Stebbins, who took over from Bill Longacre. Stebbins was the first external hire for department head since McNair in 1893 and also served as Dean of the Faculty (causing some confusion with his first name) and as Vice President for Academic Affairs (VPAA). For a time he would occupy all three jobs simultaneously.

1. The removal of “Engineering” from the name of the programs was apparently due to issues related to accreditation.
2. see article VIII, Sec. 4, of the Michigan Constitution.
3. This supposedly arose since the new constitution had already been adopted and included the words “by whatever names such institutions may hereafter be known.” The simple solution was to allow the MCST name to take effect so that the MTU name could be considered a simple name change. Apparently 1 hour was considered sufficient for this purpose. At least it makes for a good story (more).

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MTU Physics Department History | 1925-1934

The Geophysics Research Emphasis

In 1927 the State Legislature approved a broadening of the charge of the College and a new name, the Michigan College of Mining and Technology, or MCMT for short. The case was made that “the successful mining engineer and metallurgical engineer require broad knowledge of all phases of engineering, and as such are really entitled to recognition as general engineers, equipped to undertake work in almost any branch of the engineering profession.” Hence, the broadened scope was put forward as a recognition of the existing facts. At the time of the change the total College enrollment was near 300 students. Shortly after this time, in 1933, a Bachelor of Science degree in General Science first appears, which one could claim is the first non-engineering degree to be offered by the College.

Jerry Service PhotoIt appears that in the late 1920’s and very early 1930’s there was a significant push, backed up with some State funding, to further develop geophysics research within the department and an MS program in Geophysics was created. In the early 1930’s, the early Depression years, Irwin Roman and Jerry Service were brought on board. Irwin Roman was the second faculty member in the department to have an earned PhD and the first to have earned it prior to being hired. Like Grant’s PhD, Roman’s was from the Math department at the University of Chicago and was in the area we now call mathematical physics. Roman was quite the prolific “researcher” publishing several papers per year. Roman left after just 3 years, first temporarily to do research in Nevada, and then permanently to work for the US Bureau of Mines and Geologic Survey. Roman educated others in the department on the interpretation of ground resistivity measurements and this had a significant influence on the research in the department even after he left.

Jerry Service was hired shortly after Roman and also came with an earned PhD, in his case from Ohio State and the first in our department to be a PhD “in Physics.” Since few faculty hires from this time until the 1960’s came with a PhD, one is led to think that the Depression economy might have had something to do with the availability of Roman and Service. Service also had a large number of publications though he preferred short technical books and similar publications rather than articles in the scientific journals.

During the 1930’s the department produced about a dozen scientific publications, all in some area of geophysics. Any extra state funding dried up rather quickly during the depression years resulting in faculty pay cuts and virtually no new hires during the late 1930’s. At the same time the research effort tapered off to pre-1930’s levels and the emphasis returned to the engineering education role of the department. Scientific publications by the Physics faculty were few and far between starting in the late 1930’s and for at least the next 30 years. While the department continued to include a strong geophysics presence in the curriculum, it considered itself foremost a “teaching department.” The curriculum in physics was gradually filled out to include the basic courses needed for a physics major, which first appeared in 1941 as an option under the BS in General Science.

Group Photo at Fisher House

James Fisher PhotoIn 1944 Fisher, having passed 70 years of age, faced mandatory retirement from academic duties. In fact, Fisher was the first “victim” of the recently adopted mandatory retirement age. Fisher remained active taking on several new non-teaching obligations, most notably an even more active role with the alumni association. Fisher remarked that now that he was retiring, he could enjoy “working only 12 hours a day instead of his usual 10.” Almost immediately after Fisher’s retirement, the math and physics faculty formally went their separate ways.

Partlo and Harrington, who had had parallel careers up to that point—both graduating from MCM, both receiving a Ph.M. degree from the University of Wisconsin, both hired as instructors at MCM in 1923 with every promotion entirely in sync.—served as the two separate department heads. Fisher’s retirement also left the Dean position open, which was also filled by Partlo. Harrington remained Head of Mathematics into the 1960’s.

Fay Partlo Photo

Partlo, as did Fisher, served simultaneously as Department Head and Dean for the first few years. Partlo then gave up the Department Head position, to be taken up first by Jerry Service and then Tom Sermon. In doing so, it appears that Partlo became our first Dean who had no other administrative appointment (e.g. department head). Thus, quite literally, it ultimately took three new administrators to replace Fisher. While one should not diminish Fisher’s contributions, when interpreting this statement it must also be remembered, however, that MCMT had grown significantly. Also at this time one was not generally promoted to professor without an administrative appointment and there were several 20-year faculty who had been waiting in the wings for their chance.

The separation between being Professor and holding an administrative position is seen across the campus in the late 1940’s and demonstrated in Physics for the first time in 1949 with the promotion of Longacre and the return of Service from the Headship to faculty status. While there were at least two professors throughout most of the history of the department, one of them would have a significant administrative position outside of the department (i.e. McNair as President, Duggan as Registrar, Partlo as Dean of the College). Now it became acceptable to have additional professors in the department who did not also have an outside administrative position.

During the post World War II years the College’s total enrollment increased dramatically. The Sault Ste Marie campus of MCMT was opened in 1946, initially to provide the first two year’s worth of courses. Also in 1946, BS degrees offered by the department in Physics, Engineering Physics, and Geophysical Engineering first appear, with a curriculum expanded to match. By 1948 the total College enrollment had topped 2000. With this growth also came a flurry of new faculty hires.

Group Photo at Sermon Camp

Immediately after Math and Physics split, Physics was left with four faculty members: Partlo, Longacre, Sermon and Service, though Capt. Service was still on leave having been in the Navy Reserve when World War II started.1 By 1950 there were fourteen Physics faculty. In contrast to the hires of the 1920’s, of the ten new hires, only half had their BS degree from MCMT, seven of the ten had at least one degree from another institution, seven of them had a Master’s degree when hired (the majority of those were from the University of Michigan) and one more received it shortly thereafter. The only degree beyond the Master’s was Donald H. Baker’s Ed.D. from Michigan State. D. O. “Doc” Wyble, hired by this time, later earned his PhD (in 1957) after an absence from campus to serve in the Navy and pursue his studies.

     1. By this time instructors were not routinely listed as faculty.

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MTU Physics Department History | 1917-1924

The Engineering Education Years

When the School started, of course, the Physics Department was only to provide a fundamental background in physical science considered essential for mining engineers. Over the first few decades of the School’s existence this would also include specialists in chemical and metallurgical engineering. From about 1900 until 1930 the Physics courses centered on the five introductory physics courses, B1 to B5, and the two engineering mechanics courses, C1 and C2.

Physics lab ca. 1911 Photo

During this time Fisher and McNair both indicated their area of specialty to be “engineering education.” McNair even served a term as president of the Society for the Promotion of Engineering Education.

Elmer Grant Photo

E. D. Grant was hired just before Osborne left and took over the position of assistant professor vacated by Fisher. While assistant professor, Grant earned a PhD from the University of Chicago in 1916, becoming our faculty’s first member to hold an earned PhD. At the same time he was promoted to be our department’s first associate professor. Shortly before the US involvement in World War I, Associate Professor Grant made extensive tours through Wisconsin, Northern Illinois and Indiana, and Southern Michigan to present a lecture “illustrated with lantern slides” on Mining in the Copper Country. Many of these presentations were at High Schools and he made sure to ask for a list of the graduating seniors. He had a lecture almost every night, with some in the day time, for three or more weeks straight.

During much of the US involvement in World War I, McNair was at the Bureau of Standards in Washington, D.C. While he made frequent trips back to Houghton, much of the running of the college was done through written correspondence with Fisher. After the war, McNair took an additional leave of absence to help perfect methods to fire large naval guns at sea.

While the US involvement in the World War had a large short-term impact on the University, as one would expect, it also appears to have precipitated a turn-over in the junior Physics faculty. In 1920 Grant accepted a professorship at Earlham College, a Quaker institution in Richmond, Indiana. At the same time Rood, who had taken over the assistant professorship in the department when Grant was promoted, went to Albion College. Both Grant and Rood had been with the department for almost 20 years. Instructor Albert Sobey had previously left at the beginning of World War I to take on some intelligence activities.

In 1924 during one of his travels, McNair was tragically killed in a train wreck near Buda, Illinois (a bit North of Peoria, Il), leaving Fisher, now 51 years old, as the only Mathematics and Physics faculty member to have served prior to 1920.

Leo Duggan PhotoDuring the ‘20’s the college grew and new hires included Duggan, Seeber, Harrington, PartloLongacre,Sermon, and Stipe, each of whom served for at least the next 25 years with several serving for more than 40 years. Duggan became registrar very soon after he was hired and served in that capacity for the next 30 years. At that time the registrar was the second most important administrative position in the college.1 After a couple years, Seeber moved to Mechanical Engineering where he had a long and successful career.2 Harrington and Partlo would later become the Heads of separate Math and Physics departments respectively when Fisher retired in the mid 1940’s. Shortly thereafter, Partlo took over as Dean of the College. Sermon and Longacre then served as Physics Department Heads, with Sermon also serving as registrar for many years.

It is interesting to note that, excluding the short-time instructors, all of the faculty in the 1920’s had at least one degree from the Michigan College of Mines. The majority of those faculty were hired with only a BS degree and would earn a MS degree while on the job. None of them would ever obtain an earned PhD. These home-grown faculty hired in the 1920’s, under the direction of the much more senior Prof. Fisher, served as the core of the physics and math faculty for several decades to come, and had a strong presence in the department until the early 1960’s.

     1. The first Michigan Tech Vice President was Ed Williams, appointed in 1962. In the early 2000’s, there were a half dozen Vice Presidents.
     2. Seeber served as Department Head of Mechanical Engineering from 1926 to 1948. Seeber’s son, Robert Rex Seeber, Jr., would be instrumental in the design and construction of IBM’s first large scale computers. The Seeber Computational Laboratory, the beginnings of electronic computation at MTU, was established in Hubbell Hall in 1958, one year after the senior Seeber’s death.

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MTU Physics Department History | 1901-1916

The Tamarack Mine Experiments

Man Car PhotoThe mine shafts which existed in the vicinity of the College provided a unique opportunity for physics research. This was particularly so for the Tamarack Mine shafts which were vertical and almost a mile deep. In 1901 the Physics faculty (McNairFisher, Osborne, and Grant) along with John B. Watson, chief engineer, and George Slock, assistant engineer, of the Tamarack mining company,1 began experiments using long pendulums (pendula) as plumb bobs in the #2, #4, and #5 shafts of the Tamarack Mine. The goal of these measurements was to transfer a reference line from the surface to aid future horizontal drilling operations. Being physicists, one of the first results which shows up in the lab notebook is the period of the pendulum, a result which is largely irrelevant for use as a plumb bob.

The first pendulums were made with #24 steel piano wire and 50 pound cast iron weights and were hung 4,250 feet down shaft #5. The period of these pendulums was 70 seconds. The weight actually stretched the wire about 15 feet. For some measurements the weights were placed in oil or water to help damp the motion though this was insufficient to completely stop the motion.2 They typically used multiple measurements of the oscillating pendulums “as in the method of determining the zero point of a balance by observing the oscillations of its pointer,” rather than waiting for the motion to stop.

The first and most well-known result was from their first measurements—that the distance between two adjacent pendulums at the bottom was slightly larger than at the top (about 1 inch out of 15 feet). This was at a time when the fruits of the industrial revolution were just making it into people’s homes and many people had a great interest in science and the promise it had for their future. Thus it is not too surprising that a detailed account these early results appeared in the local newspaper, the Daily Mining Gazette (Oct. 8, 1901). The reporter suggested that possibly some new phenomenon had been discovered. The results received national attention when the story was picked up by several other newspapers resulting in considerable speculation about the cause for this unexpected result. As one might expect, included were some rather unorthodox explanations. In fact, one can find these first results still cited even today (usually incompletely, incorrectly, and/or with significant creative embellishments) as evidence for a hollow Earth,3 government conspiracies, coverups, UFOs, and/or for the general failure of Newton’s law of gravity.

In the introduction of his 1902 article in The Engineering and Mining Journal,4 where the full plumb bob experiments are reported, McNair provides a rather low-key response to the hoopla:

The publication … in the Portage Lake Mining Gazette of the fact that a divergence in the plumb lines had been observed, attracted considerable attention, and brought forth many attempts to explain its existence. Those most familiar with the conditions had no satisfactory theory to offer. To them it was evident that more data must be secured before the cause could be correctly assigned.

McNair considered only two of the many explanations to be worth mention—a gravitational attraction to the walls of the shaft and magnetic effects. The gravitational effect was easily shown to be much too small. The group proceeded to use different materials for the weights and wire, as well as different positions, ventilation conditions, a pair of 4,440 foot pendulums in shaft #4, etc., for additional measurements.5 In some cases the pendulums were closer together at the bottom, though in most cases they were farther apart and there was no difference seen between the use of magnetic and non-magnetic materials. Based on a very strong correlation with ventilation conditions, they concluded that the effect was entirely due to the significant (natural) airflow in the mine shafts.

McNair photoThe group received national attention again after they tried dropping two, 2″ diameter steel balls down one of the shafts. They had estimated that the balls should strike a point approximately 4 feet eastward of straight down due to the Earth’s rotation. For both attempts, however, the ball never even made it to the bottom. While the work was done one afternoon by the curious just to see what would happen, and was not published, the result was picked up and then exaggerated by the popular press who stated that anything which was dropped down such a shaft would end up on the eastern wall whether it be a wrench or human body parts (Full Quote [PDF]). While he initially ignored these reports, in 1906 he finally had had enough and McNair wrote:6

Instinctively one feels that … very far underground conditions must be quite different from those one finds on the surface… When, therefore, there is made the statement that objects dropped into the deep shafts of the Lake Superior copper district ‘do not fall to the bottom but are invariably found clinging to the east side of the shaft’ probably the average reader is apt to credit the statement as noting one more of the strange and uncanny facts which belong to the underworld…. When the press correspondent in telling it adds a touch of the gruesome in the implication that among the objects frequently found ‘clinging to the east side of the shaft’ are the pieces of a dismembered human body one may suppose that reportorial skill has reached its acme… Such a story was put forth not long ago … and was copied in the daily press throughout the … country. One may question whether a plain statement of the truth could obtain more than a fraction of the same extent of circulation. (Full Quote [PDF])

McNair concluded that air resistance and air currents had a large effect on these experiments, a result which is not too surprising.7 Since there was no way to remove the air, these experiments were not pursued.

The group then set about performing very careful and extensive experiments of the acceleration due to gravity, g, in the mines using calibrated “half-second pendulums” at various locations around the mine.8 The work was a collaboration with John F. Hayford, Inspector of Geodetic Work at the (U.S.) Office of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. McNair’s principle motivation was to use the small variations in g to aid in determining an improved value for the density of the Earth and, of course, to ultimately use the technique to find ore deposits. Extensive measurements were made, sent to the Geodetic Survey for analysis, and after considerable delay the corrected values of g for the first measurements were returned. A fractional increase in g with depth of 7.7 × 10-5 per km was found.9 Based on a simple analysis, a decrease was expected. McNair was still questioning the calibration of the pendulums, shipped from Washington D.C., almost 10 years later, and was apparently concerned about the increase in g with depth they observed. He received reassurance from Hayford in 1911 (then in Evanston) that the calibration simply could not have been that far off. Nevertheless, after the press the group received for their previous measurements, it is understandable that they were reluctant to publish any additional controversial results. This was unfortunate since their results could have provided some of the earliest evidence for Earth’s very dense core had they been published.10

Any relationship between the values of g obtained and the various local geological formations was never determined. According to Fisher, this would “involve a great amount of computation, promised by the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey” which apparently was never carried out.

Shortly after these experiments Osborne left to begin a long and successful career at the Bureau of Standards in recognition of which he would later return to receive an honorary Doctorate.

     1. Both Watson and Slock had Engineer of Mines (EM) degrees from the Michigan Mining School: Watson in 1895 and Slock in 1896.
     2. The extra buoyancy due to the oil caused the wires to shorten about 25 inches, a result which was considered “rather striking.”
     3. When asked of the “hollow Earth” hypothesis in 1943, Fisher said the idea was “too absurd for serious scientific thought.”
     4. Vol. 73, pages 578-580, (1902). A shorter version can be found in Science, Vol. XV, p. 994-6, (June 1902). Note that by this time, the Portage Lake Mining Gazette had changed its name to the Daily Mining Gazette, however McNair, as well as others, sometimes referred to it by its old name in this and several future references.
     5. During winter of 2004/2005, these pendulums were recognized by Guinness World Records as having set the record for the World’s Longest Pendulum.
     6. The quote here is from McNair’s original typewritten manuscript dated 1 June 1906. The article appeared, with minor editorial changes, in the Mining and Scientific Press, July 1906.
     7. A calculation accessible to upper level physics majors shows that the balls would already be very near terminal velocity after the first 1000 feet. Terminal velocity occurs when the forces due to gravity and the forces due to air resistance balance.
     8. They used Mendenhall 1/2-second pendulums capable of detecting relative changes in g of about 1 ppm (~ 1 milligal). By definition a half-second pendulum takes one second for a full swing. A summary of the experiments is in the 21 Sept 1902 issue of the Sunday Mining Gazette.
     9. From a draft report to the Superintendent of the Coast and Geodetic survey, Wash D.C., by John F. Hayford, 8 Feb 1904 with corrections from 16 July 1906, MTU Archives MTU-023, box 2, Fred W. McNair Papers.
     10. Their result is comparable to modern world-wide averages inferred from other types of Earth density measurements. For example refer to the “Preliminary Reference Earth Model” put forward by Dziewonski and Anderson in 1981.

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MTU Physics Department History | 1885-1900

The Earliest Years

Firehall PhotoMichigan Tech had its beginnings in 1885 as the Michigan Mining School (MMS) offering a two-year mining program. The first classes were held in the Fall of 1886 in the Continental Fire Hall, which still stands next to the old Portage Lake District Library on Montezuma Avenue in downtown Houghton, MI. Course offerings in Physics, to be taught by the Physics Department, were listed starting in 1887 however there was not yet a Physics Department faculty to teach them. Those first Physics course offerings were to be “temporarily performed by the present members of the Faculty.”

The State Legislature soon provided funds for a building to house the Mining School, to be completed in 1890 on a site just East of downtown Houghton. The bulk of the property was donated by State Senator Jay A. Hubbell, a strong supporter of the School. Initially the building was simply referred to as “The Mining School.” Once a second building appeared specifically to house engineering disciplines, the building was often referred to as the “Science Building.” Through most of its history the building would be known as Hubbell Hall. The Physics Department was housed in Hubbell Hall until 1964.

Hubbell Hall PhotoIn the earliest years a department included a single Professor, also referred to as the Department Head, with teaching help from Instructors and Assistants. For the first several years the School catalogue referred to a Physics Department and an empty position for a Professor of Physics and Mechanical Engineering. The first instructor in physics listed in the School catalogue1 was George H. Perkins in 1889, who is then our first Physics department faculty member. The Professorship, by then of Mathematics and Physics, was finally filled in 1890 when Arthur Edwin Haynes was named to the position.

Haynes had been a professor at Hillsdale College in Hillsdale, Michigan, for about fifteen years before accepting the MMS position. He came with some prominence as a mathematician as he was one of only a small number of Americans to have been elected to the London Mathematical Society at that time. Prof. Haynes moved to the University of Minnesota after the Spring of 1893, and was replaced by Fred W. McNairJames Fisher, Jr., a Hancock, MI, native and an MMS graduate of 1893, was added as an instructor a couple years later. Nathan Osborne, who had no college degree at the time, joined the faculty a year after Fisher. Osborne later earned his Engineer of Mines (EM) degree in 1899 while serving as Instructor.

In 1897 the School became a college: the Michigan College of Mines, MCM. McNair was named MCM President in 1899, replacing Wadsworth, and Fisher was promoted to fill the departmental role vacated by McNair, first to Assistant Professor and then in 1902 to Professor of Mathematics and Physics. The combination of Profs. McNair, who retained his Professorship in Math and Physics (including some teaching duties), and Fisher dominated the early decades of the Physics Department’s history.

1896 Faculty

The purpose of the College, as spelled out by the State Legislature, was quite narrow. As summarized in an early MCM catalogue, “the College was established for, and exists only for the purpose of training men to take an active part in the development of the mineral wealth of the state and nation.” In this context, the Physics courses were to have, “directly or indirectly, a bearing on the practical work of the mining engineer, and to treat these in a practical a manner as possible.”

The early courses in Physics were described in the 1891 catalogue as “two terms of fourteen weeks each” to study “General Physics, including the topics of Mechanics, Hydrostatics, Pneumatics, Heat, Light, Magnetism and Electricity. … The method of instruction … combines recitations, lectures, laboratory work, and the solution of problems, …” Shortly thereafter courses were given alpha-numeric designations. Courses starting with “A” were offered by the Mathematics department, those starting with “B” were Physics courses, and those starting with “C” were Mechanics. By 1910 there were 5 math classes (A1 to A5, A5 being calculus), 5 physics classes (B1 to B5), and 2 Mechanics classes (C1 and C2). The classes met for variable lengths of time despite the division of the year into Fall and Spring terms. For example, B1 (General Physics) ran for 21 weeks, B2 (Physical Measurements) ran for 5 weeks, B3 (Electrical Measurements) for 16 weeks, and B4 (General Physics, a continuation of B1) and B5 (Light) were for 12 weeks each.

Courses were designated by a single letter followed by one to three numerical digits (and occasionally an additional ending letter) until the late 1950’s. The introductory Physics sequence designated B1-B3 was maintained, with some gradual changes in content, throughout.

It is interesting to note that in the catalog(ue)s, separate mention is made of the course offerings of the Mathematics Department and of the Physics Department (which also taught the mechanics classes) even though, with only a small number of exceptions, a single group of faculty was responsible for the entirety of those courses up until the mid-1940’s. That is, academically the two departments were presented as separate entities though administratively they were one.

Early research included unpublished experimentation with the newly discovered x-rays. The faculty learned to make their own tubes for this work with public demonstrations in the spring of 1896, less than one year after Roentgen’s 1895 article. While it is unclear what research was done, Fisher had significant “burns” on his hands which he attributed to early x-ray exposure since, in Fisher’s words, “nothing was known in the early stages of the destructive action which x-rays have on animal tissue.”

     1. In the late 1800’s and early 1900’s the catalog served as a comprehensive annual report and prospectus for the College and included much more information than is found in today’s catalogs.

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MTU Physics Department History | MS and PhD Graduates

Physics Department MS and PhD Graduates

SPH = Physics
SAP = Applied Physics
SPE, SEP = Engineering Physics
EMY = Metallurgical Engineering – Physics Option
Geophys = Geophysics (see below)

2012 Mandal, Subhasish PhD SPE
Charge and Spin Transport in Nanoscale Junction from First Principles.
Advisor: Ranjit Pati

2011 Shahmoradi, Amir MS SPH
Coursework Masters
Advisor: Robert Nemiroff

2011 Prasad, Abhishek PhD SPE
Functional ZnO Nanostructures for Electronic and Energy Application.
Advisor: Yoke Khin Yap

2011 Blaser, Rachel MS SPH
Four-Window Technique for Measuring Optical-Phase-Space-Time-Frequency Tomography.
Advisor: Kim Fook Lee

2011 Hollinger, Mathew MS SPH
Development of a Quartz-Enhanced Photoacoustic Instrument for the Characterization of Aerosol Optical Properties.
Advisor: Claudio Mazzoleni

2011 Tewary, Mukul MS SPH
Coursework Masters
Advisor: Ravindra Pandey

2011 Galbraith-Frew, Jessica MS SPH
Measuring Energy Spectra of TeV Gamma-ray Emission from the Cygnus Region of our Galaxy with Milagro.
Advisor: Petra Huentemeyer

2011 Rojas, Paul MS SPH
Characterizing a Single Photon Counter.
Advisor: Kim Fook Lee

2011 Anderson, Amalia PhD SPH
Development of Record-Breaking Statistics for Climatological Time-Series Analysis.
Advisor: Alex Kostinski

2011 Pal, Partha PhD SPH
Quantum Transport in a a Single Molecular Junction.
Advisor: Ranjit Pati

2010 Karna, Sanjay MS SPH
Synthesis of Graphene Sheeets by Catalytic Chemical Vapor Deposition.
Advisor: Yoke Khin Yap

2010 Lee, Chee Hui PhD SPH
Boron Nitride Nanotubes: Synthesis, Functionalization and Potential Applications.
Advisor: Yoke Khin Yap

2010 Pandey, Archana PhD SPE
PMMA-CNT Matrix for Vacuum Electronics, Biosensing and Energy Applications.
Advisor: Yoke Khin Yap

2010 Lu, Jiang PhD SPH
Dynamics of Settling Charged Particles in Turbulence: Theory and Experiments.
Advisor: Raymond Shaw

2010 Wu, Zhuoyuan PhD SPE
Planar Magneto Photonic and Gradient Photonic Structures: Crystals and Metamaterials.
Advisor: Miguel Levy

2010 Moscatello, Jason P. PhD SPE
Growth, Modification and Integration of Carbon Nanotubes into Molecular Electronics.
Advisor: Yoke Khin Yap

2010 Xie, Ming PhD SPE
Synthesis and Characterization of Advanced Nanomaterials for Energy Applications.
Advisor: Yoke Khin Yap

2009 El-Houssieny, Ehab E. MS SPH
Continuous Monitoring of Comet Holmes from Before the 2007 Outburst.
Advisor: Robert Nemiroff

2009 Singh, Abhay P MS SPH
Synthesis and Characterization of Pure and Nitrogen Doped Carbon Nanostructures.
Advisor: Yoke Khin Yap

2009 Kar, Parimal PhD SPH
Proteins in Silico-Modeling and Sampling.
Advisor: Ulrich Hansmann

2009 Kim, May E. MS SPH
A Survey of Thermodynamic Properties of Supercooled Water.
Advisor: Alex Kostinski

2009 Brickman, Aaron MS SPH
Coursework Masters
Advisor: Peter Moran

2009 Panigrahi, Puspamitra PhD SPH
Controlling Electronic and Magnetic Properties of Ultra Narrow Multilayered Nanowires.
Advisor: Ranjit Pati

2009 Zhou, Ziyou PhD SPH
Metal-Oxide Film and Photonic Structures for Integrated Device Applications.
Advisor: Miguel Levy

2009 He, Haiying PhD SPH
Electron Transport in Molecular Systems.
Advisor: Ravindra Pandey

2008 Saw, Ewe Wei PhD SPH
Studies of Spatial Clustering of Inertial Particles in Turbulence.
Advisor: Raymond Shaw

2008 Valavala, Pavan Kumar MS SPH
A First-Principles Study of Electronic Properties of Carbon Nanotubes.
Advisor: Ranjit Pati

2008 Domeier, Eric MS SPH
RCI Techniques for Calculating Energy Levels and Oscillator Strengths: Application to Gd IV and Yb I.
Advisor: Donald Beck

2008 Pan, Lin PhD SPH
Ab Initio RCI Calculations of Atomic Properties of Selected Transition Metal Ions.
Advisor: Donald Beck

2008 Patla, Bijunath PhD SPH
Mapping the Sun as a Transparent Gravitational Lens.
Advisor: Robert Nemiroff

2008 Ochshorn, Eli PhD SPH
Studies of Thin Water Films and Relevances to the Heterogeneous Nucleation of Ice.
Advisor: Will Cantrell

2008 Vanga, Raghav PhD SPH
Relaxor Peizoelectric Film Actuators, Waveguides, and Photonic Crystals: Fabrication and Characterization.
Advisor: Miguel Levy

2007 Han, Liang MS SPH
Report Title: Replica Exchange Aided Wang-Landau Algorithm For Protein Folding.
Advisor: Ulrich Hansmann

2007 Gowtham, S. PhD SPE
Development of A High Performance Parallel Computing Platform and Its Use in the Study of Nanostructures: Clusters, Sheets and Tubes.
Advisor: R. Pandey

2007 Wei, Yanjie PhD SPH
On Side-Chain and Backbone Ordering in Polypeptides.
Advisor: Ulrich Hansmann

2007 Wu, Shun MS SPH
Report Title: Growth and Characterization of Carbon Nanotubes and Quantum Dots.
Advisor: Yoke Khin Yap

2007 Huang, Xiaoyue PhD SPE
Dimensional Effects on the Magnetic Domains in Planar Magnetophotonic Crystal Waveguides.
Advisor: Miguel Levy

2007 Giri, Gouri Shankar MS SPH
Report Title: Magnetron Sputter Fabrication of Magnetic Garnet Thin Films and Their Characterization.
Advisor: Miguel Levy

2007 Panigrahi, Puspamitra MS SPH
Report Title: Magnetic Properties of One Dimensional Fe/Pt/Fe Multilayer Nanowire.
Advisor: Ranjit Pati

2007 Younk, Patrick PhD SPH
Cosmic Rays at the Ankle, a study using the Pierre Auger Observatory.
Advisor: Brian Fick

2007 Chye, James PhD SPH
Determining Primaries in the Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays Utilizing Surface Detector Signal Trace Analysis.
Advisor: David Nitz

2007 Fugal, Jacob PhD SPE
In-situ Measurement and Characterization of Cloud Particles with Digital In-line Holography.
Advisor: Raymond Shaw

2007 Wang, Jiesheng PhD SPH
Phase Control of Boron Nitride Thin Films and Nanostructures.
Advisor: Yoke Khin Yap

2007 Ulmen, Benjamin MS SPH
Growth of Vertically-aligned Carbon Nanotubes and Their Application as Electron Field Emitters.
Advisor: Yoke Khin Yap

2007 Lau, Kah Chun PhD SPH
First-Principles Studies of Boron Nanostructures : Clusters, Sheets and Nanotubes.
Advisor: R. Pandey

2007 Kayastha, Vijaya Kumar PhD SPE
Catalytic Growth of Single-, Double-, and Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes and Studies of their Potential Applications.
Advisor: Yoke Khin Yap

2006 Verma, Himanshu MS SPH
Report Title: Optical and compositional Characterization of RF Magnetron Sputtered Garnet Thin Films.
Advisor: Miguel Levy

2006 Shet Tilvi, Vithal MS SPH
Detection of Micro-Gamma Ray Bursts And Test of Lorentz Invariance.
Advisor: Alex Kostinski

2006 Mensah, Sam MS SPH
Growth and Characterization of Ziinc Oxide Nanostructures.
Advisor: Yoke Khin Yap

2006 Zhou, Changgong PhD SAP
Aperture Assisted Laser Direct Write.
Advisor: Edward Nadgorny

2006 Larsen, Michael PhD SPH
Studies of Discrete Fluctuations in Atmospheric Phenomena.
Advisor: Alex Kostinski

2006 Roy, Ankita MS SPH
Hyperspectral Imaging: Correlation Formalism and Application for Diagnostics of RF-Plasma used for Growth of Carbon Nanotubes.
Advisor: Jacek Borysow

2005 Menda, Jitendra MS SPH
Coursework Masters
Advisor: Yoke Khin Yap

2005 Webb, Adam J MS SPH
A Performance Analysis of NQR Gradiometers in Non-Ideal Conditions.
Advisor: B H Suits

2005 Aleksenko, Vasyl MS SPH
Hydrophobic Scoring of Proteins.
Advisor: Ulrich Hansmann

2005 Dorofeev, Alexei PhD SPH
Simulation of Inclined Air Showers.
Advisor: David F. Nitz

2004 Wilson, Aaron MS SPH
Time Independent Fourier Transform Spectrometer.
Advisor: J. B. Rafert

2004 Roland, Teboh MS SPH
Surface Enhanced Isotope Exchange Reactions Between Water and Gaseous Deuteruim.
Advisor: Jacek Borysow

2004 Gao, Da PhD SPH
Monte Carlo Simulations of Surface Phase Transitions and Morphology Dynamics.
Advisor: John A. Jaszczak

2004 Vanga, Lakshman Kumar MS SPH
Growth and Processing of Vertically Aligned Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes.
Advisor: Yoke Khin Yap

2004 Mi, Youshi MS SPH
Heterogeneous Ice Nucleation on Volcanic Ash.
Advisor: Raymond Shaw

2004 Vutukuri, Sreenivasulu MS SPH
First-Principles Studies of the Crystal and Vibrational Structure of Pentaerythritol and PETN under Hydrostatic Pressure.
Advisor: Warren F. Perger

2004 Sergeyev, Alex MS SPH
Generation and Characterization of Laboratory Aerosol Particles.
Advisors: Raymond Shaw and Jacek Borysow

2004 Yang, Weidong PhD SPH
Pupil Phase Apodization for Achromatic Imaging of Extra-solar Planets.
Advisors: Alexander B. Kostinski and Christ Ftaclas

2004 Yang, Qiang PhD SPH
The Curvature Adaptive Optics System Modeling.
Advisors: Christ Ftaclas and R. J. Nemiroff

2003 Peng, Yong PhD SPH
Helix Formation and Folding in Biological Macromolecules.
Advisor: Ulrich Hansmann

2003 Jiang, Hutian PhD SPH
Theoretical Study of Scintillating Fluoride Crystals – Methodology and Application.
Advisor: R. Pandey

2003 Pereira, Wellesley PhD SPH
The CONCAM Global Sky Monitoring Network. Its Evolution and the Creation of a Performance Model.
Advisor: R. J. Nemiroff

2002 Kandalam, Anil PhD SPH
Electronic Structure Calculations of Group III Nitride Clusters.
Advisor: R. Pandey

2002 Ghimire, Shankar MS SAP
Coursework Masters
Advisor: M. Levy

2002 Lu, Zhaolin MS SPH
Coursework Masters
Advisor: M. Levy

2002 Darling, Joe MS SPH
Coursework Masters
Advisor: D. F. Nitz

2001 Norquist, Peggy PhD SPH
Relativistic Configuration Interaction Calculations for Au LXVII, Br XXIII, Ta II,
and the negative ions of Ru, Os, and Ba.
Advisor: D. R. Beck

2001 Chen, Chen MS SPH
Fabrication, Stoichiometry and Structural Analysis of Single-Crystal PZN-PT Films.
Advisor: M. Levy

2001 Prasad, Raghava PhD SPH
The Effects of Motion on Magnetic Resonance for Quadrupolar Nuclei in Solids.
Advisor: B. H. Suits

2001 Chye, James MS SPH
Automated Edge Detection for Remotely Sensed Imagery.
Advisors: J. B. Rafert and J. Wells Budd

2000 Che, HaiHong, MS SPH
Source Density Evolution and Luminosity Function of Gamma-ray Bursts.
Advisor: R. J. Nemiroff

2000 Leckenby, Henry (Harry) J. PhD SPH
Full Wilson-Devinney Analysis of Cataclysmic Variables Through the Computer Modeling of the Accretion Disks.
Advisor: J. B. Rafert

2000 Hiratani, Masato PhD SPH
Theoretical Study of Dislocation Motion in Metals.
Advisor: E. M. Nadgorny

2000 Tews, Michael MS SPH
Methodology of Relativistic Autoionization, Application to the Lifetime of the 5d6s6p 4F9/2 State in Ba-.
Advisor: D. R. Beck

1999 Xiang, Kai-hua PhD SPH
A Theoretical Study of Structural and Electronic Properties of H-silsesquioxanes.
Advisor: R. Pandey

1999 Underdown, Frank PhD SPH
Laser Guidance of Mesoscopic Particles
Advisor: M. Renn

1999 Koivunen, Alan PhD SPH
The Feasibility of Data Decorrelation to Improve the Performance of Doppler Weather Radar: Computational Studies.
Advisor: A. B. Kostinski

1999 O’Malley, Steven PhD SPH
Relativistic Configuration Interaction Calculations of Atomic Properties of Cs II, Sn and La.
Advisor: D. R. Beck

1998 Sampath, Suresh PhD SPH
Synthesis and Study of Oxide Spinels.
Advisor: R. Pandey/J. C. Cordaro

1998 Hart, Christopher L. MS SPH
The MTU Visible Hyperspectral Instrument (VHSI) Basic Design, Theory, Operation, and Proof of Concept.
Advisor: J. B. Rafert

1998 Fu, Yi PhD SAP
Collision Induced Spectra in Gases.
Advisor: A. Borysow/J. B. Rafert

1998 Seng, William F. PhD SPH
Scattering and Absorption in Complex Systems: The Electro-Optics of Zn-Doped Magnesium Orthosilicates, Aircraft Coatings, and Satellite Standards.
Advisor: J. Cordaro/J. B. Rafert

1998 Pati, Bhabana PhD SPH
Single-Mode Tunable Ti:Sapphire Laser and Its Application to Generate Coherent UV Radiation.
Advisor: J. Borysow

1998 Swaminathan, Srirama V PhD SPH
Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Materials with Large Quadrupolar Interaction.
Advisor: B. H. Suits

1998 Zapol, Peter PhD SPH
Calculations of Bulk and Defect Properties in Binary and Ternary Semiconductors.
Advisor: R. Pandey

1997 Woodraska, Donald L. PhD SPH
Monte Carlo Simulation of Diamond-Cubic {111} Surfaces.
Advisor: J. Jaszczak

1997 Cunningham, Robert MS SPH
The Use of Time Domain ESR Spectroscopy for Obtaining Density Profiles of a Compressible Fluid.
Advisor: J. Borysow

1997 Pawse, Archana PhD SAP
Use of Hysteresis Parameters and Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy for Identifying Volcanic Ash.
Advisor: S. Beske-Diehl (Geology)

1997 Zheng, Chunguang PhD SAP
Computational Study of Collision-Induced Dipole Moments and Absorption Spectra of H2-H2.
Advisor: A. Borysow

1997 Apte, Palash PhD SPH
NMR Study and Hardness Behavior of Nanophase Al/Al-Oxide Consolidated Composite.
Advisor: B. H. Suits

1997 Gruszka, Marcin P. PhD SAP
Computational Study of Rotational-Translational Collision-Induced Absorption Spectroscopy of Gaseous CO2.
Advisor: A. Borysow/J. B. Rafert

1997 Park, Yongtae MS SPH
Parity Nonconservation in Ba+ Atoms via CI/MBPT Method and Fine-Structure Splitting of Some High-L States of Helium
Advisor: W. Perger

1996 Krishnan, Ajit PhD SPH
Positron Annihilation Studies of Ferroelectrics and Related Perovskite Oxides.
Advisor: D. J. Keeble/J. B. Rafert

1996 Pakhomov, Andrew V PhD SPH
Time Resolved Laser Spectroscopy for Detection of Environmentally Hazardous Metals: Kinetic Approach.
Advisor: J. Borysow

1996 Bashyam, Ramakrishnan PhD SAP
Growth and Characterization of Diamond Films Fabricated Using Hot Filament Chemical Vapor Deposition.
Advisor: D. J. Keeble

1996 Huang, Jinming MS SPH
Dislocation Motion and Multiplication in Ordered Intermetallics.
Advisor: E. Nadgorny

1996 Rathor, Manuj MS SPH
Electrical Characterization of MBE Grown Ge1-xCx Thin Films
Advisor: M. Krishnamurthy/R. Pandey

1996 Dong, Chun MS SPH
Monte Carlo Study of the Square-Well Fluid.
Advisor: B. H. Suits

1996 Umlor, Michael T PhD SAP
A Positron Annihilation Investigation of Open Volume Defects in GaAs Grown by Molecular Beam Epitaxy.
Advisor: D. J. Keeble/R. Pandey

1996 Kroner, Philipp MS SPH
Polarization of a High Frequency Modulated Laser Diode for a Multiplexed Optical Communication Link.
Advisor: J. Borysow

1996 Veliah, Sundar PhD SAP
Density Functional Theory Calculations of Metal Oxide Clusters.
Advisor: R. Pandey

1995 Sutjianto, Amin PhD SPH
Study of Dissociative Hydrogen Adsorption on Lithium Oxide Terraces and Steps.
Advisor: R. Pandey/S.-W. Tam

1995 Puntambekar, Upendra MS SPH
Simulation of Point-Defects in Magnesium Sulfide.
Advisor: R. Pandey/S. Seidel

1995 Kwiatkowski, John PhD SAP
Applications of Polarized Waves in Radar Sensing of Precipitation: Computational Studies.
Advisor: A. B. Kostinski

1995 Kulkarni, Manish MS SPH
Signal Processing of Random Phasors: Remote Sensing Applications.
Advisor: A. B. Kostinski

1995 Hoin, Francis A. MS SPH
Emission Spectrometry for the Qualitative Determination of Atomic Oxygen Densities in an Oxygen Plasma.
Advisor: J. Borysow

1995 Dinov, Konstantin PhD SAP
Rare Earth Relativistic Configuration Interaction Calculations.
Advisor: D. R. Beck

1994 Filimonov, Serguei PhD SPH
Laser Diagnostics for Plasma Processes.
Advisor: J. Borysow/E. Nadgorny

1994 Datta, Debasis PhD SPH
Ab Initio MR-RCI Calculations of [(n – 1)d + ns]N Atomic Bound States: Application to Hyperfine Structure and Electron Affinity Studies.
Advisor: D. R. Beck

1994 Coke, Larry PhD SAP
A Computational Study of Time-Dependent Driven Cavity Flow.
Advisor: A. B. Kostinski

1994 Augustyniak, Edward PhD SPH
Kinetics of A, B, and C Triplet States of Molecular Nitrogen in the Pulsed Discharge and Afterglow.
Advisor: J. Borysow

1993 Yang, Xiaoyang PhD SAP
Structures and Stability of Alkali Fluoride Micro-Clusters.
Advisor: R. Pandey

1993 Wilken, Douglas Edward PhD SAP
A Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Study of the Surface Oxides on Aluminum Metal Particles.
Advisor: B. H. Suits

1993 Jackson, Robert D. MS SPH
Development of a Time-Domain ESR Spectrometer.
Advisor: S. A. Marshall/L. Leifer

1992 Zhang, Yajing MS SPH
Selective Etching of Intermetallics.
Advisor: E. Nadgorny

1992 Zhong, Zhong MS SPH
An Experimental Study of a GEC Reference RF Plasma Cell: Set Up, Electrical Characterization and Plasma Properties.
Advisor: E. Nadgorny

1992 Wang, Rhonghai MS SPH
Positron Lifetime Spectroscopy on Selected Polymers.
Advisor: J. Waber

1992 Sood, Sanjay MS SPH
Ab Initio Hartree-Fock Calculations of Structural and Electronic Properties of Magnesium Sulphide and Magnesium Selenide.
Advisor: R. Pandey

1992 Pearce, John P. MS SPH
An X-ray investigation of Zn1-xCdxSe / ZnSe Superlattice Crystals.
Advisor: D. Yoder-Short

1992 Liu, Yunyi MS SPH
An Investigation of the EPR Spectrum of Divalent Manganese in Zinc Selenide Powders.
Advisor: S. A. Marshall

1991 Zuo, Jun PhD SAP
An ICECAP Study of the Lithium Trapped-Hole Center in Magnesium Oxide.
Advisor: A. B. Kunz

1991 Zhang, Yuenian PhD SAP
An EPR and ENDOR Investigation of the Vk-Centers in Single Crystal Potassium Chloride.
Advisor: S. A. Marshall

1991 Yu, Cheng PhD SAP
An EPR Investigation of Ag0 and Ag2+ in Irradiated Single Crystal of Potassium Fluoride Doped with Silver Fluoride.
Advisor: S. A. Marshall

1991 Yang, Xiaoyang MS SPH
Hartree-Fock and Monte Carlo Simulation of Alkali Halide Clusters.
Advisor: R. Pandey

1991 Witteveen, David M. MS SPH
Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing of Volcanic Plumes Using the Thematic Mapper Rapiometer.
Advisor: A. B. Kostinski

1991 Plude, Geralyn Y. MS SPH
Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Imaging of Powdered Solids.
Advisor: B. H. Suits

1991 Gay, David Howard PhD SAP
Ab Initio Intermolecular Potentials for CH4 and H2O Including Fourth Order Many-Body Effects with Monte-Carlo Simulations.
Advisor: D. R. Beck

1991 Dai, Houfeng MS SPH
Ab Initio Potential Study of Methane Dimer, Methane Water Dimer and Water Dimer.
Advisor: D. R. Beck

1990 Wang, Sha MS SPH
Calculation of Ground and Excited State Energies of Atomic and Molecular Systems Using UHF Theory Coupled with KLP.
Advisor: A. B. Kunz

1990 Hill, Susan Ellen PhD SAP
An Ab Initio Investigation of Poly(ethylene oxide) and its Interactions with Poly(ethylene oxide) and the alpha-Alumina (0001) Surface.
Advisor: M. J. Seel

1990 Cai, Ziyong PhD SAP
An Ab Initio Relativistic Many-Body Calculation of Hg 6p2 Resonance States, Including Continuum Effects.
Advisor: D. R. Beck

1989 Zhang, Yuenian MS SPH
Electron Spin Resonance Investigation of Magnesium Oxide Single Crystals Containing Mn2+ and Fe3+ Impurities.
Advisor: S. A. Marshall

1989 Zeng, Peitao MS SPH
Ab Initio Potential Energy Surfaces for CH4-H2O and CH4-H2S.
Advisor: D. R. Beck

1989 Yu, Cheng MS SPH
EPR Investigation of the Superconductor YBa2Cu3O7.
Advisor: S. A. Marshall

1989 Woon, David Evan PhD EMY
Ab Initio Intermolecular Potential Energy Surfaces for the Hydrogen Sulfide Dimer, Including Studies of the Third-Order Many-Body Perturbation Theory Correction and Nonadditive Effects.
Advisor: D. R. Beck

1989 Shi, Xiang Jun MS SPH
Study of Electronic Structure in Alkaline-Earth Oxides and Alkaline-Earth Sulfides.
Advisor: A. B. Kunz

1989 Lutz, Jerry L. MS SPH
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Defect Densities in Solids.
Advisor: B. H. Suits

1989 Lu, Jianhua MS SPH
Crystal Growth of Cd1-xMnxS by Chemical Vapor Transport.
Advisor: D. Yoder-Short

1989 Kaldon, Philip Edward PhD SAP
Ab Initio Studies of the Dissociation of an Energetic Solid (Nitromethane) in the Presence of Neighboring Charge Defects.
Advisor: A. B. Kunz

1989 Huang, Kanglin MS SPH
Computer Simulation of Sintering by Surface Diffusion.
Advisor: J. Jaffe

1989 Gao, Guang PhD EMY
Implementation of the KKLP Procedure to the Study of Electronic Structure of Molecular Crystals and Its Application to RDX.
Advisor: A. B. Kunz

1988 Zuo, Jun MS SPH
Simulation of Isovalent Impurities in Magnesium Oxide Using Hartree-Fock Clusters.
Advisor: A. B. Kunz

1988 Wilken, Douglas E. MS SPH
An Analysis of Magnetic Field Gradient Coils for NMR Imaging.
Advisor: B. H. Suits

1988 Shen, Wei MS SPH
Study of Sintering Mechanism of Ice.
Advisor: S. M. Lee

1988 Kaldon, Philip Edward MS SPH
An Ab Initio Study of the K-alpha Spectra of Lithium Ions in Lithium Halides (LiX).
Advisor: A. B. Kunz

1988 Cai, Ziyong MS SPH
A Non-Relativistic Study of the Electron Affinities of Bound States in Negative Transition Metal Ions.
Advisor: D. R. Beck

1987 Meng, Jie PhD EMY
The optical transition of the impurity copper ion in alkali halides.
Advisor: A. B. Kunz

1987 Woon, David E. MS SPH
A Correlated Study of the Ground and Excited States of the Vk-center in Lithium Fluoride.
Advisor: D. R. Beck

1987 Umlor, Michael T. MS SPH
Imaging Electromagnetic Fields Using the Magnetic Resonance Absorption Spectrum of a Paramagnetic Gas.
Advisor: S. A. Marshall

1987 Knivila, Allan R. MS SPH
A Correlated Ab Initio Study of Charged Defects in Crystalline Ammonium Perchlorate.
Advisor: A. B. Kunz

1986 Lucas, David PhD EMY
The Electronic Structure of Nitromethane (CH3NO2).
Advisor: D. R. Beck

1985 Thode, Steven MS SPH
Determination of the Hall Coefficient Anisotropy Using Helicon Resonance.
Advisor: M. Huberman

1985 Parent, Mark G. MS SPH
Comments on the ESR Spectrum of the Tetragonally Distorted Cr+3 Ion in Magnesium Oxide Single Crystals.
Advisor: S. A. Marshall

1984 Fernholz, Richard C. MS SPH
K-X-ray-gamma-gamma Directional Correlation in the Decay of Ba-133.
Advisor: G. P. Agin

1981 Wetzel, Robert Bruce MS SPH
Optical Phase Function Measurement for Snow Crystals.
Advisor: M. Gimmestad

1979 Fealko, Daniel Robert MS SPH
Measurements of Transition Probabilities in Argon.
Advisor: K. M. Baldwin

1978 Reynolds, William R. MS SPH
Prediction Modeling of Surface Temperature of a Conducting Body Interacting with Non-Steady State Ambient Conditions.
Advisor: S. M. Lee

1977 Mcewan, Charles J. MS SPH
An Absorption Fine Structure Study of the Cobalt K-Edge in Concentrated Aqueous Solutions.
Advisor: R. O. Keeling, Jr.

1977 Lucas, David J. MS SPH
A Gamma-Gamma Directional Correlation Study of the Cs-133 Levels from Ba-133 Electron Capture Decay.
Advisor: V. R. Potnis

1976 Root, Joseph J. MS SPH
A Study of the Cobalt K-Absorption Edge in Some Spinels.
Advisor: R. O. Keeling, Jr.

1976 Riedlinger, Beth A. MS SPH
Application of the Leopard-Spots Computer Code to the Spent Fuel Storage Problem.
Advisor: G. P. Agin

1976 Mania Jr, Robert C. MS SPH
The Accumulation and Testing of Apparatus for Gamma Ray Coincidence and Angular Correlation Experiments.
Advisor: G. P. Agin

1976 Czuhai, Kirk G. MS SPH
A Study of Energy Converting Efficiencies in the United States with the Aid of a Set of Digital Computer Programs to Portray the Future Energy Demands of the Household and Commercial, Transportation, and Industrial Sectors During the Period 1980 to 1990.
Advisor: G. P. Agin

1975 Purdum Jr, Lewis E. MS SPH
Determination of Energies and Relative Intensities of Gamma Rays in the Decay of 111Ag.
Advisor: G. P. Agin

1974 Shiflet, Gary J. MS SPH
Analysis and Construction of a Thin Film Thermocouple.
Advisor: K. M. Baldwin

1974 LaFleur, Keith G. MS SPH
A Normal Mode Vibrational Analysis of Linear Lattices using the Method of Extra Forces.
Advisor: S. M. Lee

1973 Gilbert, John Lee MS SPH
Evaluation of Theoretical Models for the Microwave Radiation from an Argon Induction-Coupled Plasma using a Microwave Radiometer.
Advisor: K. M. Baldwin

1972 Tauke, Glen John MS SPH
A Study of Twinning in Hematite.
Advisor: R. O. Keeling, Jr.

1972 Hurlbut, Ronald Scott MS SPH
The Development and Application of an Instrument to Measure Transpiration from Individual Leaves.
Advisor: D. G. Yerg

1972 Gekas, James Charles MS SPH
Measurement of the Fermi Neutron Age in Water using a Simulated Infinite Plane Source of Plutonium Beryllium.
Advisor: D. A. Daavettila

1971 Van Dyk, David J. MS SPH
A Mossbauer Investigation of the Magnetic Properties of a Natural Crystal of Ilmenite-Hematite Solid Solution.
Advisor: R. O. Keeling, Jr.

1971 Rogow, Ricardo MS SPH
Measurement of Energies and Relative Intensities of Gamma Rays in the Decay of 169Yb.

1971 Franti, Glenn MS SPH
Electron Diffraction Studies of Twinning in alpha-Hematite.
Advisor: R. O. Keeling, Jr.

1970 Marchi, Mark Louis MS SPH
The Design of a Vacuum Chamber for the Detection of Electrons Using a Si(Li) Semiconductor Detector.

1970 Lashmore, David S. MS SPH
An Investigation of Evaporation Techniques for Thin Film Multilayer Dielectric Mirrors.
Advisor: K. M. Baldwin

1969 White, Thomas L. MS SPH
The Vibronics and Infrared Absorption Coefficient for the Finite Non-Symmetrical Diatomic Linear Lattice.
Advisor: S. M. Lee

1969 Trapanese, Alfred J. MS SPH
Calibration of a Lithium-Drifted Germanium Detector.
Advisor: G. P. Agin

1968 Saunders, Ralph S. MS SPH
A Laser Interferometer for Measuring the Refractive Indices of Gases.
Advisor: K. M. Baldwin

1968 Deyoung, Donald Bouwman MS SPH
Investigation of the Titanomagnetite Mineral Series by Mossbauer Spectroscopy.
Advisor: R. O. Keeling, Jr.

1967 Lubaczewski Jr., Ladislaus S MS SPH
Determination of the Electron Density in an Argon Plasma Using a Laser Interferometer.
Advisor: K. M. Baldwin

1967 Cupal, Jerry J. MS SPH
A Study of the Remanent Magnetization in the Basal Plane of Natural Hematite.
Advisor: R. O. Keeling, Jr.

1967 Croy, Pamela Ann MS SPH
An Ultrasonic Measurement of Temperature in an Argon Plasma.
Advisor: K. M. Baldwin

1967 Chen, Shou-Sun MS SPH
The Mossbauer Effect in Fe-57 on Silica and Alumina Surfaces.
Advisor: R. O. Keeling, Jr.

1967 Barkalow, Bruce Harold MS SPH
A Differential Emissivity Thermopile Calorimeter for Measuring Radiant Heat Exchange.
Advisor: K. M. Baldwin

1966 Stauffer, Donald Raymond MS SPH
Microwave Radiometric Investigations in an Induction-Coupled Argon Plasma at Atmospheric Pressure.
Advisor: K. M. Baldwin

1966 Pohanka, Robert MS SPH
A Magnetohydrodynamic Measurement of the Boundary Layer Thickness in Mercury.
Advisor: K. M. Baldwin

1966 Odell II, Jack L. MS SPH
Investigating the Magnetic Structure of alpha-Hematite by Mossbauer Spectroscopy.
Advisor: R. O. Keeling, Jr.

1965 Sigamoney, Asai Kurugula MS SPH
An Investigation of an Induction-Coupled Argon Plasma at Atmospheric Pressure Using Ultrasonic Probes.
Advisor: K. M. Baldwin

1965 Schramm, Raymond E. MS SPH
Mossbauer Analysis of the Magnetic Structure of Hematite.
Advisor: R. O. Keeling, Jr.

1965 Murray, Peter R. MS SPH
On the Usefulness of Nonsystematic Zero Intensity X-ray Reflections in Crystal-Structure Analysis.
Advisor: R. O. Keeling, Jr.

1964 Suppelsa, Anthony Bernard MS SPH
The Crystal Structure Analysis of Aluminum Nitrate Heptahydrate

1964 Johnson, James Donald MS SPH
A Partial Solution of the Structure of Magnesium Nitrate Hexa-hydrate.
Advisor: R. O. Keeling, Jr.

1964 Hill, Richard Warren MS SPH
A Study of the Crystal Structure of Aluminum Nitrate Nonahydrate.

1963 Nakayama, Takashi MS SPH
Structural Changes in the Transformation from Hematite to Magnetite.

1962 DeForest, Sherman Edward MS SPH
Energy Transfer in Jack Pine as Related to Infra-red Reflectivity on Cones, Bark, and Needles.
Advisor: D. G. Yerg

1958 Daavettila, Donald A. MS SEP
Dynamic Steam Void Experiment in ZPR-VII.
Advisor: R. F. Makens

1957 Mattson, Rodney A. MS SEP
The Determination of Soluble Poison Concentrations in H2O.
Advisor: R. F. Makens

1954 Recksiedler, Arthur Lloyd MS SEP
Two-Step Capture Gamma-Ray Cascades in Cadmium-114 and Chlorine-36.

1954 Dahlberg, Duane Arlen MS SPH
Analyses of Neutron Resonances in the Isotopes of Zinc.

1953 Culp, Richard John MS SEP
A Determination of the Energy of Antimony-Beryllium Photoneutrons.
Advisor: T. C. Sermon


1974 Kelley, Gary M., MS Geophys
Audio-frequency magnetotelluric survey in Marquette County and Baraga County, Michigan.

1974 Philips, Gerald R., MS Geophys
Shallow resistivity survey of the north-central portion of Michigan’s Upper Peninsula.

1974 Rognerud, Walter N., MS Geophys
Geophysical investigation of a gravity anomaly in the central portions of Rockland and Rousseau Quadrangles, Michigan.

1974 Stark, Paul, MS Geophys
Study of the correlation between apparent dynamic elastic moduli and rock grindabilities.

1971 Sweet, Kenneth O., MS Geophys
Velocity gated input for hammer seismic equipment.

1971 Street, Ronald L., MS Geophys
Variations in high freqency [sic] seismic noise spectrums near Houghton, Michigan.

1970 Murray, John C., MS Geophys
Investigation of the grain size dependence of the thermal remanent magnetization of magnetite.

1970 Shoja-Taheri, Jafar, MS Geophys
Geophysical investigation along National Forest Highway 16, Houghton and Ontonagon Counties, Michigan.

1969 Middleton, Robert S., MS Geophys
Remanent magnetism and magnetic susceptibility in the interpretation of ground magnetics, Jamieson Township, District of Cochrane, Ontario.

1969 Aho, Gary Dennis, MS Geophys
Reflection seismic investigation of thickness and structure of the Jacobsville sandstone, Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan.

1964 Voorhis, Gerald D., MS Geophys
Method for computing the magnetization of two-dimensional structures.

1964 Schultz, Richard C., MS Geophys
Study of the apparent dynamic elastic moduli of some anisotropic rocks.

1964 Dzierwa, David John, MS Geophys
Qualitative and quantitative study of the induced polarization phenomenon.

1963 Johnson, William W., MS Geophys
Instrumentation for a practical laboratory method to determine the dynamic tensile strength of rock.

1963 Finnegan, Stephan A., MS Geophys
Study of the effects of transient electromagnetic fields on conductive earth models.

1962 Reuss, Robert J., MS Geophys
Investigation of the use of seismic methods to track meteorological disturbances over Lake Superior and to locate strain releases taking place in the Houghton-Hancock area.

1962 Bufe, Charles G., MS Geophys
Investigation of the remanent magnetization of the Covington Dike.

1961 Hussin, James J., MS Geophys
1959 Helicopter gravity survey in Western Queensland, Australia.

1960 Sterling, Donald L., MS Geophys
Model studies on the usefulness of Gauss’ mechanical quadrature formula as a sampling design.

1958 Warren, Elmer J., MS Geophys
Investigation of electrical transient phenomena — effects of copper content on dielectric constant and resistivity.

1958 Tanis, James I., MS Geophys
Investigation of the elastic properties of longitudinal rock cores under dynamic conditions.

1958 Gendzwill, Don J., MS Geophys
Model study of effect of electrode configuration for detecting induced polarization of vertical formations.

1957 Longacre, Thomas L., MS Geophys
Geophysical investigations in the Cornell area, Michigan.

1956 Herron, Thomas J., MS Geophys
Detection and delineation of subsurface subsidence by seismic methods.

1956 Durfee, George A., MS Geophys
Regional gravity survey of the Cuyuna Iron Range, Minnesota.

1955 Elliot, Charles L., MS Geophys
Study of the design of vertical loop medium frequency electromagnetic induction equipment for geophysical prospecting.

1954 Frantti, Gordon E., MS Geophys
Geophysical investigations in the eastern half of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.

1953 Broman, William H., MS Geophys
Geophysical investigation of the Bear Lake area, Houghton County, Michigan.

1952 Wilson, James G., MS Geophys
Geophysical investigations of Perkins Area, Michigan.

1952 Chapman, Rodger H., MS Geophys
Seismic depth to ledge studies as related to water problems at the Morris Mine, Ishpeming, Michigan.

1952 Campbell, Robert E., MS Geophys
Geophysical investigation of the Silver mountain area – Houghton County.

1950 Wyble, D.O., MS Geophys
Study of the regional gravity of the southwestern end of the Iron River district, Iron River Michigan.

1940 Longacre, William A., MS Geophys
Study of the problem of depth determination by means of earth resistivity measurements.

1938 Sermon, Thomas C., MS Geophys
Null current indicator.

1931 Knaebel, Carl H., MS Geophys
Observation and deduction applicable to measurement of electrical resistivity of large volumes of earth in place.

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