Tag: Spring 2015

ME-EM Graduate Seminar: Communication Skills

jan22The ME-EM Graduate Seminar speaker on Thursday, January 22 at 4:00 in 103 EERC will be Nancy Barr, M.S. from Mechanical Engineering – Engineering Mechanics, MTU.

Strong Communication Skills are Critical for Success

Regardless of professional title, strong communication skills are critical for success. A key component of graduate education is the development of a professional identi-ty through a variety of communication opportunities, from research project presenta-tions in courses to conference papers and presentations. Those students in the pro-ject, thesis, or PhD track will have to prepare a lengthy written paper documenting their research and orally defend their work to an audience. This seminar will provide information to help students understand the importance of three factors – under-standing their audience, developing time management skills, and organizing their thoughts – in their ultimate success as engineers and researchers.

Nancy Barr is the Senior Design and Technical Communications Advisor for the Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics Department at Michigan Technological University. She teaches technical communica-tion at the undergraduate and graduate level and assists faculty in creating assignments that encourage communication and critical thinking skill de-velopment in disciplinary courses. She earned a master of science in rhetoric and technical communication from MTU and is now working to-wards a PhD in rhetoric, theory, and culture at MTU. Her research fo-cuses on graduate teaching assistant training and the use of portfolios to assess curriculum changes.

ME-EM Graduate Seminar: Vaporizing Diesel Spray Characteristics Studied in an Optically Accessible Constant Volume Combustion Vessel

JJThe ME-EM Graduate Seminar speaker on Thursday, January 15 at 4:00 in 103 EERC will be Dr. Jaclyn Johnson from Michigan Technological University: Mechanical Engineering – Engineering Mechanics.

The title of her presentation will be ‘Vaporizing Diesel Spray Characteristics Studied in an Optically Accessible Constant Volume Combustion Vessel’.

Diesel combustion and emissions formation is largely spray and mixing controlled and hence understanding spray parameters, specifically vaporization, is key to determine the impact of fuel injector operation and nozzle design on combustion and emissions. One methodology to experimentally characterize and quantify parameters is using optical and laser based diagnostics with an optically accessible constant volume combustion vessel (CV). Using this CV, researchers have the ability to characterize sprays and combustion under a range of ambient conditions (pressure and temperature) and composition, to visualize the influence of ambient, or injection parameters, on spray development and combustion. The details and application of this combustion vessel will be discussed. Focus of the discussion will be on vaporizing diesel spray characterization of the spray liquid length. In experimental testing, it has been observed that there are noticeable fluctuations in liquid phase penetration once the steady state liquid length has been estab-lished, on the order of 10% of the mean liquid length, along with plume to plume liquid length variations. This presentation will explore and identify the key mechanisms for liquid length fluctuations and plume to plume variations in spray penetration. Based on the experimental, 1 D liquid length model, and CFD anal-ysis it is concluded that a key mechanism for liquid length fluctuations in a transient diesel spray is due to spray induced turbulent eddies near the edge of spray plume.

Jaclyn Johnson is a lecturer in the ME-EM department at Michigan Tech, since 2014. She holds a B.A. in Physics from Illinois Wesley-an University and a M.S. and Ph.D in Mechanical Engineering from Michigan Tech University. After graduating from MTU in 2011, she spent the next three years conducting research as a Research Engineer in the ME-EM department at Michigan Tech on diesel spray combustion characterization using optical diagnostics with an optically accessible constant volume combustion vessel. Dr. Johnson has re-search interests in diesel spray and combustion, spark ignition characterization, and thermophysical property modeling. Her specialties include optical and laser based diagnostics, image processing methodologies, and diesel spray characterization and analysis.