Category: Publications

Nathir Rawashdeh Publishes Paper at SPIE Conference

Nathir Rawashdeh (AC) led the publication of a paper at the recent online SPIE Defense + Commercial Sensing / Autonomous Systems 2021 Conference.

The paper, entitled “Drivable path detection using CNN sensor fusion for autonomous driving in the snow,” targets the problem of drivable path detection in poor weather conditions including on snow-covered roads. The authors used artificial intelligence to perform camera, radar and LiDAR sensor fusion to detect a drivable path for a passenger car on snow-covered streets. A companion video is available. 

Co-authors include Jeremy Bos (ECE).

Article by Sidike Paheding in Elsevier’s Remote Sensing of Environment

An article by Dr. Sidike Paheding, Applied Computing, has been accepted for publication in the Elsevier journal, Remote Sensing of Environment, a top journal with an impact factor of 9.085. The journal is ranked #1 in the field of remote sensing, according to Google Scholar.

The paper, “Estimation of root zone soil moisture from ground and remotely sensed soil information with multisensor data fusion and automated machine learning,” will be published in Volume 260, July 2021 of the journal. Read and download the article here.


  • A machine learning approach to estimation of root zone soil moisture is introduced.
  • Remotely sensed optical reflectance is fused with physical soil properties.
  • The machine learning models well capture in situ measured root zone soil moisture.
  • Model estimates improve when measured near-surface soil moisture is used as input.

Paheding’s co-authors are:

  • Ebrahim Babaeian, Assistant Research Professor, Environmental Science, University of Arizona, Tucson
  • Vijay K. Devabhaktuni, Professor of Electrical Engineering, Department Chair, Purdue University Northwest, Hammond, IN
  • Nahian Siddique, Graduate Student, Purdue University Northwest
  • Markus Tuller, Professor, Environmental Science, University of Arizona


Root zone soil moisture (RZSM) estimation and monitoring based on high spatial resolution remote sensing information such as obtained with an Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) is of significant interest for field-scale precision irrigation management, particularly in water-limited regions of the world. To date, there is no accurate and widely accepted model that relies on UAS optical surface reflectance observations for RZSM estimation at high spatial resolution. This study is aimed at the development of a new approach for RZSM estimation based on the fusion of high spatial resolution optical reflectance UAS observations with physical and hydraulic soil information integrated into Automated Machine Learning (AutoML). The H2O AutoML platform includes a number of advanced machine learning algorithms that efficiently perform feature selection and automatically identify complex relationships between inputs and outputs. Twelve models combining UAS optical observations with various soil properties were developed in a hierarchical manner and fed into AutoML to estimate surface, near-surface, and root zone soil moisture. The addition of independently measured surface and near-surface soil moisture information to the hierarchical models to improve RZSM estimation was investigated. The accuracy of soil moisture estimates was evaluated based on a comparison with Time Domain Reflectometry (TDR) sensors that were deployed to monitor surface, near-surface and root zone soil moisture dynamics. The obtained results indicate that the consideration of physical and hydraulic soil properties together with UAS optical observations improves soil moisture estimation, especially for the root zone with a RMSE of about 0.04 cm3 cm−3. Accurate RZSM estimates were obtained when measured surface and near-surface soil moisture data was added to the hierarchical models, yielding RMSE values below 0.02 cm3 cm−3 and R and NSE values above 0.90. The generated high spatial resolution RZSM maps clearly capture the spatial variability of soil moisture at the field scale. The presented framework can aid farm scale precision irrigation management via improving the crop water use efficiency and reducing the risk of groundwater contamination.

Remote Sensing of Environment (RSE) serves the Earth observation community with the publication of results on the theory, science, applications, and technology of remote sensing studies. Thoroughly interdisciplinary, RSE publishes on terrestrial, oceanic and atmospheric sensing. The emphasis of the journal is on biophysical and quantitative approaches to remote sensing at local to global scales.

Call for Manuscripts: Fault Tolerance in Cloud/Edge/Fog Computing

Call for Manuscripts:

Special Issue on Fault Tolerance in Cloud/Edge/Fog Computing in Future Internet, an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Informational Flyer


April 20, 2021

Author Notification

June 10, 2021


Collection Editors


  • Fault tolerance
  • Cloud computing
  • Edge computing
  • Resource-constrained devices
  • Distributed protocols
  • State replication


Including, but not limited to:

  • Faults and failures in cloud and edge computing.
  • State replication on edge devices under the scarcity of resources.
  • Fault tolerance mechanism on the edge and in the cloud.
  • Models for the predication of service latency and costs in distributed fault-tolerant protocols on the edge and in the cloud.
  • Fault-tolerant distributed protocols for resource management of edge devices.
  • Fault-tolerant edge/cloud computing.
  • Fault-tolerant computing on low-end devices.
  • Load balancing (on the edge and in the cloud) in the presence of failures.
  • Fault-tolerant data intensive applications on the edge and the cloud.
  • Metrics and benchmarks for the evaluation of fault tolerance mechanisms in cloud/edge computing.


The Internet of Things (IoT) has brought a new era of computing that permeates in almost every aspect of our lives. Low-end IoT devices (e.g., smart sensors) are almost everywhere, monitoring and controlling the private and public infrastructure (e.g., home appliances, urban transportation, water management system) of our modern life. Low-end IoT devices communicate enormous amount of data to the cloud computing centers through intermediate devices, a.k.a. edge devices, that benefit from stronger computational resources (e.g., memory, processing power).

To enhance the throughput and resiliency of such a three-tier architecture (i.e., low-end devices, edge devices and the cloud), it is desirable to perform some tasks (e.g., storing shared objects) on edge devices instead of delegating everything to the cloud. Moreover, any sort of failure in this three-tier architecture would undermine the quality of service and the reliability of services provided to the end users.


Theoretical and experimental methods that incorporate fault tolerance in cloud and edge computing, which have the potential to improve the overall robustness of services in three-tier architectures.

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at by registering and logging in to this website ( Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form (

Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript.

The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English.

Authors may use MDPI’s English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Sidike Paheding, Applied Computing, Publishes Paper in IEEE Access

A paper co-authored by Sidike Paheding, Applied Computing, has been published in the journal, IEEE Access. “Trends in Deep Learning for Medical Hyperspectral Image Analysis,” was available for early access on March 24, 2021.

The paper discusses the implementation of deep learning for medical hyperspectral imaging.

Co-authors of the paper are Uzair Khan, Colin Elkin, and Vijay Devabhaktuni, all with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University Northwest.


Deep learning algorithms have seen acute growth of interest in their applications throughout several fields of interest in the last decade, with medical hyperspectral imaging being a particularly promising domain. So far, to the best of our knowledge, there is no review paper that discusses the implementation of deep learning for medical hyperspectral imaging, which is what this work aims to accomplish by examining publications that currently utilize deep learning to perform effective analysis of medical hyperspectral imagery.

This paper discusses deep learning concepts that are relevant and applicable to medical hyperspectral imaging analysis, several of which have been implemented since the boom in deep learning. This will comprise of reviewing the use of deep learning for classification, segmentation, and detection in order to investigate the analysis of medical hyperspectral imaging. Lastly, we discuss the current and future challenges pertaining to this discipline and the possible efforts to overcome such trials.

DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3068392

IEEE Access is a multidisciplinary, applications-oriented, all-electronic archival journal that continuously presents the results of original research or development across all of IEEE’s fields of interest. Supported by article processing charges, its hallmarks are a rapid peer review and publication process with open access to all readers.

Sidike Paheding Publishes Paper in Top Journal

A scholarly paper co-authored by Assistant Professor Sidike Paheding, Applied Computing, has been published in the April 2021 issue of ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, published by Science Direct.

The title of the paper is, “Field-scale crop yield prediction using multi-temporal WorldView-3 and PlanetScope satellite data and deep learning.”

View the article abstract here.

Paheding is a member of the Institute of Computer and Cybersystems’s (ICC) Center for Data Sciences.

Chamber Publishes Article about Mechatronics Playground

The most recent issue of the “Manufacturing Matters” newsletter, published by the Chamber of Commerce Grand Haven, Spring Lake, Ferrysburg, includes a feature article about Michigan Tech’s Mechatronics degree programs and learning lab, and the work that alumnus Mark Gauthier is doing to support and promote Mechatronics careers in southwestern Michigan.

View the newsletter here. The text appears below. A video about the Mechatronics Playground, also included in the article, can be viewed here.

Donald Engineering Supports Mechatronics Playground at Michigan Tech

From the February 2021 issue of Manufacturing Matters, a newsletter published by the Chamber of Commerce Grand Haven, Spring Lake, Ferrysburg.

With increases in smart technology, including IoT and Industry 4.0, things are changing in manufacturing. To help its graduates remain competitive, Michigan Technological University has combined the technologies of mechanical and electrical engineering into one degree: Mechatronics.

The multidisciplinary program combines these disciplines, along with fluid power, robotics, software, and computational hardware for a comprehensive education in the most current Mechatronics standards and products.

M.S. in Mechatronics was begun at Michigan Tech two years ago, and this year a B.S. in Mechatronics was added with encouragement and support from Mark Gauthier, Michigan Tech alumnus and president of Donald Engineering (DE).

Mechatronics courses and degrees can be pursued on-campus, with some courses available online. Co-op options and graduate certificates are available for those interested in expanding their on-the-job knowledge. FANUC industrial certification in robotics is available for those already working in industry.

View the full article here.